The Causes Of Hyperpigmentation and How Best To Treat It.

Posted by David Petterson on 4th Feb 2018

As you get older, you might begin to notice small dark spots, age spots or small patches of wrinkled, uneven skin. All of these are outward signs of a harmless skin condition known as hyperpigmentation. This condition is more common than you might think, and the good news is that there are a variety of home remedies, creams and pills that are widely available today to treat hyperpigmentation.

The causes and sources of hyperpigmentation

But let’s back up for a second – what causes hyperpigmentation in the first place? For many people, the appearance of dark spots on their face or hands is simply the result of increased exposure to the sun. If you spend long hours in the sun each day without using any form of sunscreen protection, it will eventually lead to the creation of “sun spots” on exposed parts of your body.

However, it’s not just increased sun exposure that causes hyperpigmentation.

There are a few other factors that can cause the appearance of unsightly dark spots and uneven skin color:

  • Skin damage caused by cuts and burns
  • Allergic reactions that result in inflammation of the skin
  • Medications that result in inflammation
  • Improper hair removal from sensitive parts of the skin
  • Hormonal changes and imbalances
  • Hereditary factors related to your own unique DNA

For example, one common factor that leads to hyperpigmentation is acne. This results from hormonal changes as we grow older (especially for teenagers!), and can leave behind acne scars or signs of discoloration. Hereditary factors mean that your skin might be naturally predisposed to hyperpigmentation as a result of your genetic makeup.

There is one important point to keep in mind here: hyperpigmentation can either be “focal” or “diffuse.” If it is “focal,” it is generally very isolated. This might happen after a serious cut or burn on your skin in just one very defined location. If it is “diffuse,” it means that it covers a much wider section of your skin, such as your entire face.

It is also important to keep in mind what is actually happening within your body any time dark spots start to emerge. Skin colour is produced by melanin, a pigment that is produced by special types of skin cells known as melanocytes. When these skin cells produce too much melanin, that’s when your skin’s regular pigmentation turns into hyperpigmentation.

There are several factors that can trigger this increased melanin production. The most common by far is UV exposure from the sun. This UV exposure then triggers a special enzyme known as tyrosinase to form melanin. Thus, one way to treat hyperpigmentation at its source is to somehow suppress this formation of melanin, and that usually involves “turning off” these tyrosinase enzymes.

Home remedies for hyperpigmentation

There are various options to treat and clear up hyperpigmentation. The starting point for many people are simple home remedies that have been used for decades. For example, here are just some of the common items you probably already have in your kitchen or bathroom that have shown some limited effectiveness in reducing hyperpigmentation:

  • Toothpaste
  • Lemon juice
  • Limejuice
  • Potato juice
  • Oatmeal
  • Cucumber juice
  • Orange peels
  • Vinegar with water

These can work with varying effectiveness. If you consult a dermatologist, they will also typically advise a number of steps that you can take to prevent future hyperpigmentation, such as exfoliating your skin on a daily basis, using an oil-free moisturiser, and applying plenty of sunscreen anytime you go outside.

Scientifcally researched solutions for hyperpigmentation

But what if you want to really see a lightening of your skin? In that case, you might be better off using one of the all-natural creams or serums that are already on the marketplace today. Two of the most effective solutions for lightening your skin, removing sunspots, and providing a much smoother texture to your overall skin include Nutrifade and HyperFade.


Nutrifade is a hyperpigmentation supplement for dark marks and uneven skin conditions. It is consumed in tablet form, with the recommended dosage being two tablets a day, which can be taken with meals. What’s remarkable about Nutrifade is that it is completely all natural. The three most active ingredients in Nutrifade include Pycnogenol, Glutathione and Bilberry Extract.

Pycnogenol might have an exotic name, but you probably know it by a much more familiar name: Pine Bark Extract. That’s right – pine bark extract is a proven way to inhibit melanin production. Moreover, over a period of time, it has shown results in lowering skin pigmentation intensity.

Overall, there are 19 active ingredients in Nutrifade, and all of them have been approved by the EU. Some of them, in fact, are so commonplace that you might be surprised – such as Calcium, Vitamin A, Vitamin C and Vitamin E. And, of course, there are some very rare ingredients, such as Quercetin (known to improve a body’s collagen production), that help to provide the perfect synergistic blend to address the results of hyperpigmentation.


Hyperfade is a skin cream that comes in a completely airless bottle. It has been designed for all skin types in mind, and is especially powerful at protecting the body from the harmful UV rays of the sun. It is good for anyone suffering from acne scars, age spots, dark spots or sun damage to their skin.

Similar to Nutrifade, it works with a synergistic blend of some very unique active ingredients. One of the most important of these is Arbutin. This is better known as “bearberry,” since it comes from a type of berry plant that bears find irresistible! Arbutin works very effectively by slowing down melanin production and stopping those tyrosinase enzymes dead in their tracks. In addition, other active ingredients in Hyperfade include kojic acid, lactic acid, glycolic acid, and malic acid. These are all examples of naturally occurring alpha-hydroxy acids, and all of them help to result in lighter skin and the reduction of pigmentation.

Final thoughts about hyperpigmentation

As you can see, there are a variety of ways to deal with the common problem of hyperpigmentation. The more that researchers are able to understand what causes this condition in the first place, the more that they are able to develop the perfect synergistic creams, serums and pills that help to restore a body’s skin back to its smooth, natural, radiant condition.